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Paragraph Examples – Narrative, Persuasive, Descriptive and Many More February 28, 2011

Two Teacher License

In the “Writing with Purpose” section of Pattern Based Writing: Quick & Easy Essay, students learn to apply their new writing strategies to different types (or modes) of writing. The truth is — it’s quite easy to get students writing a variety of different types of paragraphs — when they have the right foundation.

In short, all of these different types of paragraphs simply involve layering on a different purpose or intent. When students have the right foundation, it’s just that simple.

What are you trying to achieve in your writing? What is your purpose here? Do you want to describe? Do you want to evaluate? Do you want to narrate? Are you trying to persuade?

When students don’t have a foundation, these questions don’t mean much to them. They don’t have control over their writing and they are not fluent writers.

In Pattern Based Writing, when students want to:
• Describe   >>>>    they write a   >>>>    Descriptive paragraph
• Inform      >>>>    they write a   >>>>    Informative paragraph
• Narrate     >>>>    they write a   >>>>    Narrative paragraph
• Persuade  >>>>    they write a    >>>>   Persuasive paragraph

It’s easy! For Writing Success… CLICK HERE! Get your students writing amazing paragraphs — Wait… why stop there?! Why not get your students writing entire essays filled full of amazing paragraphs?! (Gr. 2-6 and for remediation in middle school and above.) Check out the Pattern Based Writing program!

Descriptive Paragraph

1.  Describe:   I am going to DESCRIBE a sunset!

Sunset is the time of day when our sky meets the outer space solar winds. There are blue, pink, and purple swirls, spinning and twisting like a cloud of balloons caught in a blender. The sun moves slowly beyond the horizon, while the moon races to take its place in prominence atop the night sky. People slow to a crawl, entranced, fully forgetting the deeds that still must get done. There is a coolness… a calmness… whenever the sun does set.

Informational Paragraph and a Narrative Paragraph

2. Inform:   I am going to INFORM you about the Apollo 11 space mission.    

On July 16, 1969, the Apollo 11 spacecraft lifted off from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Where was it going? To the moon! The crew consisted of Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Buzz Aldrin. They landed on the moon in the Sea of Tranquility on July 20, 1969. The moonwalk took place the following day. On July 21, 1969, at precisely 10:56 EDT, Commander Neil Armstrong emerged from the spacecraft and took his famous first step onto the moon’s surface and declared, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” What a glorious moment in human history!

Narrate:   I am going to NARRATE a story about the Apollo 11 space mission.

July 21, 1969 was a memorable day for Neil Armstrong. That was the day he became the first person to ever walk on the moon. The journey began several days earlier, on July 16th, when the Apollo 11 launched from Earth headed to the moon. On board with Neil Armstrong were Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin. The crew landed on the moon in the Sea of Tranquility a day before the actual walk. Upon Neil’s first step onto the surface of the moon, he said, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” It sure was. What a day!

Process or How-to Paragraph

3.  Process:   I am going to explain the PROCESS of how to clean and/or organize your room.
OR
How-to:   I am going to describe HOW-TO clean and/or organize your room.

Here is the perfect system for cleaning your room. First, move all the stuff that does not have a place to the center of the room. Get rid of at least five things that you have not used in the last year. Take out all the trash and put all the dirty dishes in the kitchen sink. Now find a place for all the items you put in the center of the room. For any remaining items, see if you can squeeze them in under your bed or stuff them in the back of your closet. See, that was easy!

Compare and Contrast Paragraph

4.  Compare/Contrast:   I am going to COMPARE and CONTRAST an ocean and a lake.

Oceans and lakes have a great deal in common, but they are also quite different. They are both bodies of water. That begin said, oceans are very large bodies of salt water, while lakes are much smaller and are fresh water. Lakes are usually surrounded by land, while oceans are what surround continents. Both have plants and animals living in them. The ocean is home to the largest animals on the planet, whereas lakes support much smaller forms of life. When it is time for a vacation, both will make a great place to visit and enjoy.

Critical Paragraph

5.     Critique:   I am going to CRITIQUE the Blue Whales’ first baseball game of the new season.

The Blue Whales just played their first baseball game of the new season, and I think there is a lot to be excited about. Though they lost, they were playing the team that won the championship last year. The Blue Whales fell behind early but showed excellent teamwork and came back to tie the game. They had 15 hits and scored 8 runs. That’s excellent! Unfortunately, they had 5 fielding errors, which kept the other team in the lead nearly the entire game. The game ended with the umpire making a bad call, and if the call had gone the other way, the Blue Whales may have actually won. It wasn’t a victory, but I say the Blue Whales look like they have a shot at the championship if they continue to improve.

Persuasive Paragraph and Argumentative Paragraph

6.  Persuade:   I am going to PERSUADE my neighbors to buy tickets to the school fair.

The school fair is right around the corner and tickets have just gone on sale. We are selling a limited number of tickets, so move fast and get your tickets while they are still available. This will be an event you will not want to miss! First off, the school fair is a great value when compared with other forms of entertainment. Also, your ticket purchase will help our school, and when you help the school, it helps the entire community.  There is even more exciting news! Every ticket you purchase enters you in a drawing where you can win fabulous prizes. And don’t forget, you are going to have tons of fun because there are acres and acres of great rides, fun games, and many other attractions! Spend time with family and friends at our school fair. Buy your tickets now!

Argue:   I am going to present a logical ARGUMENT as to why my neighbor should attend the school fair.

The school fair is right around the corner and tickets have just gone on sale. Even though you may be busy, you will still want to reserve just one day out of the entire year to relax and have fun at the school fair. Even if you don’t have much money, you won’t have to worry. The school fair is a great bargain! Still not convinced? Maybe you feel you are too old for fairs, or you just don’t like them. Well, that’s what my grandpa thought, but he came to last year’s fair and had the best time of his life. While it’s true you may be able to think of a reason not to come, I’m also sure you can think of several reasons why you must come.  We look forward to seeing you there!

Problem and Solution Paragraph (Narrative version and Informational Version)

7.  Problem/Solution: I am going to describe a kitty door PROBLEM and then explain the kitty door SOLUTION.

Narrative version (1st person)-

Last week we installed a kitty door so that our cat could come and go as she pleases. Unfortunately, we ran into a problem. Our cat was afraid of using the kitty door. We tried pushing her through and that caused her to be even more afraid. The kitty door was dark, and she couldn’t see what was on the other side. The first step we took in solving the problem was taping the kitty door open. After a couple of days, she was confidently coming and going through the open door. However, when we removed the tape and closed the door, once again, she would not go through. They say you catch more bees with honey, so we decided to use food as bait. We would sit next to the kitty door with a can of wet food while we clicked the top of the can. When she came through the closed door, we would open the can and feed her. It only took five days of doing this to make her unafraid of using the kitty door. Now we have just one last problem — our kitty controls our lives!

Informational article – This started off as one paragraph, but needed two – one for the problem and the other for the solution. Also, notice the second paragraph is a process paragraph. It would be very easy to add an introduction and conclusion to this and have a complete essay!

People often install a kitty door only to discover they have a problem. The problem is their cat will not use the kitty door. There are several common reasons why cats won’t use kitty doors. First, they may not understand how a kitty door works. They may not understand it is a little doorway just for them. Second, many kitty doors are dark and cats cannot see to the other side. As such, they don’t know what is on the other side of the door… so they won’t take the risk. One last reason cats won’t use kitty doors is because some cats don’t like the feeling of pushing through and then having the door drag across their back. But don’t worry – there are solutions for this problem.

The first step for solving the problem is to prop the door open with tape. This means your cat will now be able to see through to the other side – and your cat will likely begin using the kitty door immediately. Once your cat has gotten used to using the kitty door, remove the tape. Sometimes cats will continue to use the kitty door without any more prompting. If this does not happen, you will want to use food to bribe your cat. When it’s feeding time, sit on the opposite side of the door from your cat and either click the top of the can or crinkle the cat food bag. Open the door to show your cat that it is both you and the food waiting on the other side of the door. Repeat this a couple times, and then feed your cat. After a couple days of this, your problem will be gone.

Cause and Effect Paragraph

8.  Cause/Effect: I am going to explain the CAUSES that had the EFFECT of making me a high achieving student.

(Note: This is also a first person narrative.)

I do well in school and people think I am smart because of it. Unfortunately, it’s not true. In fact, three years ago I struggled in school. However, two years ago I decided to get serious and make some changes. First, I decided I would be interested in whatever was being taught, regardless of what other people thought. I also decided I would work hard every day and never give up on any assignment. I decided to never fall behind. Finally, I decided to make school a priority over friends and fun. After implementing the changes, I became an active participant in classroom discussions. Then my test scores started to rise. I still remember the first time that someone made fun of me because “I was smart.” It seems to me that being smart is simply a matter of working hard and being interested. After all, learning a new video game is hard work even if you are interested. Unfortunately, learning a new video game doesn’t help you get into college.

Personal Narrative Paragraph

9.  Personal Narrative: I am going to give a PERSONAL NARRATION of an event that changed my life.

Last year was the first time I had ever been the new kid at school. For the first four days I was completely alone. I don’t think I even spoke to a single person. Finally, at lunch on the fifth day, Karen Watson walked past her usual table and sat down right next to me. Even though I was new, I had already figured out who Karen Watson was. She was popular. Pretty soon, all of Karen’s friends were sitting right there next to me. I never became great friends with Karen, but after lunch that day, it seemed like all sorts of people were happy to be my friend. You cannot convince me that Karen did not know what she was doing. I have a great respect for her, and I learned a great deal about what it means to be a true leader.

9 Comments
Baloch July 10th, 2012

I am thankful to the author for writing such great information. It never felt easy to write an essay, specifically the ones where description, narration, or information are required. But here, the author sheds light on all aspects in the simplest possible terms.

Sandra Jusino December 5th, 2012

Excellent resource — great for referencing.

Jejei December 5th, 2012

I like this.. :)

Salih February 15th, 2013

Thank you very much indeed for a comprehensive set of examples. They are very useful and an easy to follow very guide for my children.

KJ April 29th, 2013

Excellent examples to use with students.

hajra December 22nd, 2013

Thanks for such a lovely and informative page!

Cecil March 17th, 2014

This page is great!

Joseph Izuagie March 18th, 2014

Excellent! It’s very educational! Thanks!

Heam Meou March 20th, 2014

Thanks. Excellent !

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